From a glance, creamy white camel and cow’s milk could be indistinguishable; however, taking a deeper look into the nutrient content of the two milks, it is clear that they are consist of very different concentrations and types of vitamins and biomolecules. Here we dissect the nutrient values in camel milk and further expand upon how these nutrient factors benefit those with specific ailments or simply aid in normal body functions. Regardless of whether you are looking to mitigate/prevent a specific health concern or simply maintain a healthy lifestyle, it would be sensible to integrate camel milk into your diet.
Micro/ Macro Nutrients and Lipids: Camel milk’s rich and comprehensive nutrient profile makes it an excellent choice as a diet staple. Its reputation as a nutrient-dense food has led it to serve as a supplement for malnourished babies in many countries. Camel milk has three times more vitamin C than cow’s milk and ten times more iron. A diet rich in iron is essential for stimulating oxygen circulation within the body and improving cognitive function; iron is also used for anemia treatment/prevention. Camel milk also has a higher concentration of potassium, magnesium, copper, manganese, sodium, and zinc. Additionally, it is high in unsaturated fatty acids and B vitamins. In comparison to cow’s milk, camel milk has fewer short-chained fatty acids and less cholesterol. These properties make it an appealing choice for those who are health-conscious or looking to increase protein intake or lower triglyceride levels.
Proteins: With a higher protein content than cow milk, camel milk aids in the growth and development of healthy bones, muscles, and organs. Regarding proteins, the high content is not the only attribute that makes camel milk superior to cow milk; camel milk’s unique profile of proteins makes it an excellent choice for those with dairy allergies. Unlike cow milk, camel milk does not contain A1 casein and lactoglobulin. The lack of A1 beta casein is particularly beneficial because within the body A1 casein is broken down into a peptide similar to an opioid that subdues the immune system, irritates the gastrointestinal tract, and creates plaques within arteries. Camel milk does contain A2 beta-casein which is not associated with the common dairy allergies and instead known for its protective effects on the heart and digestive system. It is concentrated with immunoglobulin, or antibodies that are proteins which aid in regulating the immune system by targeting infection-causing antigens which makes it a potentially life-changing product for those with autoimmune disorders or weak immune systems. Ongoing research shows that other proteins within camel milk are potentially antiviral, antifungal, and antibacterial.
Carbohydrates: Containing 52 units of insulin per liter, camel milk also caters to diabetics or those looking for preventative measures against developing the disease. Since a liter of camel’s milk contains roughly 60% of the average needed external insulin dose for type 1 diabetics, a steady consumption could adequately balance out blood glucose levels and possibly eliminate the need for insulin injections. Additionally, the low lactose concentration makes camel milk easier on the digestive system and a better option for those who lactose-intolerant when compared to traditional cow milk.